October 20, 2021 5 min read

Henri Matisse was one of the most influential and important artists of the 20th century. His career spanned nearly seven decades, from his early Fauvist paintings to his late paper cut-outs. He was a master draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor as well as a painter, working in many different styles throughout his long life.

Matisse's early years in Paris were among the most productive of his career. He studied with masters like Gustave Moreau in the late 1890s. His work grew increasingly abstract in the 1920s and '30s, when he experimented with non-representational painting, gouache, and collage.

10 Famous Paintings by Henri Matisse

1. Woman in a Purple Coat, 1937

Woman in a Purple Coat is a portrait of Lydia Delectorskaya this is a painting by Henri Matisse from 1937. In Woman in a Purple Coat , the paint is thick and opaque, with no trace of any brushwork showing through. It seems to have been applied with a palette knife or a trowel.

The paint has a kind of cracked, dried-blood look. The cracked surface reflects light in a way that makes the woman's flesh appear to be covered with a fine tracery of lines, as if the pigment were being slowly leeched away.

2. The Open Window, 1905

Henri Matisse's The Open Window, painted in 1905, is one of the most famous examples of what came to be called Cubism.

The painting shows a balcony with the view out onto a sunny landscape. It looks like a realistic depiction. But that's just an illusion. The painting itself is highly abstracted.

3. Goldfish and Palette, 1915

The painting is called Goldfish and Palette created by Henri Matisse in 1915. It looks like a simple still life. But look again the painting is not really about fish or fruit or any object at all. We can see that by noticing how little we need to know about the real world in order to understand the painting.

It would be possible to draw a picture of an apple on some graph paper, and use it as a template to paint every apple in the world exactly like this one. The fish are painted nearly the same way, except that their scales are not regular at all; each scale is painted individually. So it's not even really fish that are being painted here. What matters in art is not what it looks like, but how it makes you feel.

4. Luxury, Calm and Pleasure, 1904

Henri Matisse's Luxury, Calm and Pleasure, painted in 1904, is a portrait of his wife, Amelie. He wanted something deeper. "A picture," he wrote, "is like a score for a piece of music or like the script for a play." What he was after was not just beautiful colors but color that would be expressive even when separated from form.

Luxury, Calm and Pleasure is one of the paintings where he found it. The image does not look like what you always thought art should look like; it does not look like anything at all. But if you look with your eyes rather than your assumptions, it tells you more about 1904 than any number of portraits showing women wearing hats.

5. Woman with a Hat, 1905

The original version of Woman with a Hat is one of Matisse's most famous paintings. It was painted in 1905. Matisse's early work has all the energy of an explosion in one direction. The brushwork is dense and vigorous, the colors are bright and clashing. The picture looks like it was painted by someone exhilarated by the freedom to paint for once.

Matisse never lost that interest in freedom or that sense of possibility. But after 1905, he found ways to work on canvases that allowed him to push his colors further without sacrificing the clarity he wanted. Instead of showing us the woman with the hat, this painting shows us Matisse trying to figure out how that woman might look if he could paint her.

6. Bathers by a River, 1916-1917

Matisse started to rework the painting that would become Bathers by a River in December 1916 and this paintings finished in 1917. One of the things that makes Matisse's Bathers by a River so striking is how unusual, among modern works of art, it is in not being representational. Its subject is not taken from nature or history, but from the artist's imagination, and its purpose is to show that imagination.

The painting by Matisse I have seen strikes me as intensely artificial and forced, no matter how much skill went into it. The figures are distorted from any normal human proportions into something that seems more suited for an anatomy textbook than for viewing by human eyes. Their faces are blank slates, with eyes set dead center and mouths just slightly off-center.

7. Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra), 1907

Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra) is one of the paintings that has made me think most deeply about color. It was painted by Matisse in 1907.

That painting represents the meeting of two different worlds the world of color and the world of art. Color is everywhere around us, but we don't usually notice it unless something draws our attention to it. We don't normally see blue clothes or red cars or green grass because we expect them; they are part of our normal expectations for what things will look like around us.

8. The Red Studio, 1911

The Red Studio is a painting of Matisse made in 1911. In this paintings entirely is dyed with a bright rust red red in a single tone The fickle yellow line outlines Matisse's furniture, evokes objects from the expansive red space. The paintings and objects in the room that seemed to float in the Red Sea. Create a sense of spatial depth by creating uneven angles and perspectives in the image.

Most objects are painted in white, blue, and green, which contrast colors and balance the thinly painted red. table space disparity things in the room chair on the right side of the canvas And the window on the left wall gives the impression that this is an artist's environment. Overwhelmed with creativity and color rather than laws of natural order.

9. The Joy of Life (Le bonheur de vivre), 1905-1906

The Joy of Life (Le bonheur de vivre) created by Henri Matisse between October 1905 and March 1906, wanted to express the idea that the purpose of life is happiness. What's more, he wanted to capture in paint the feeling itself of happiness. Paintings that look complex are often more interesting than paintings that look simple.

Other paintings shows every inch of it is crammed with details, patterns, shapes, colors eyes. What makes The Joy of Life different is that there isn't much to see, but you could sit here all day without noticing anything new. It doesn't have the same kind of detail as the other one does, but you doesn't need it. Everything that you see tells you something important.

10. Dance (La Danse), 1910

Dance (La Danse) is a painting made by Henri Matisse in 1910. At the request of Russian business and art collector Sergei Shchukin, who presented a large decorative panel to the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. Russia

This paintings made us feel kind of uncomfortable. They seemed too colorful, too energetic, too exotic to be real art, or maybe even real at all, so in alot subsequent years this work to become more and more famous in the world.

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