Gustav Klimt was born on July 14, 1862 in Baumgarten, Vienna, Austria. He is one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession movement. He was influenced by some other artists like Beardsley and Botticelli. His paintings can be found in the collections of top museums around the world including the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) (New York), Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna), Alte Nationalgalerie (Berlin) and Musée d'Orsay (Paris).
The term "Golden Phase" is used to describe the paintings created by Gustav Klimt between 1900 and 1907. The paintings from this time were created using the three primary colours, yellow, blue and red. He also started using gold as a colour, which he sometimes used to replace black.
10 Most Popular Paintings of Gustav Klimt that you should to know
1. The Kiss, 1907-1908
The Kiss is a painting created by Gustav Klimt in between 1907 - 1908, and it is considered to be one of the most important paintings of Klimt. The painting is a symbol of a couple in love who are kissing each other. It is a symbol of love and passion. It was painted with oil on canvas. There are numerous copies of the painting around the world, with most being similar in appearance.
In this painting, Klimt uses gold to depict the light which creates a glow around the figures and adds volume to their bodies and clothing. The gold used is very different from how it was used in previous European Renaissance paintings. In these previous paintings, gold was often used to highlight and add detail to a painting while also creating volume and giving depth. However, in Klimt's "The Kiss," he uses it as an integral part of the painting which helps define the space around the figures instead of creating depth for them; this technique helps make them look like they are floating on air.
2. Judith and the Head of Holofernes, 1901
Gustav Klimt painted "Judith and the Head of Holofernes" in 1901 during his golden period. Judith was one of Klimt's largest paintings (it measures 2.5 by 3.4 meters) and is also considered one of his most important works. This painting is currently housed at the Österreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna.
The painting depicts Judith holding the head of Holofernes in her hands whilst looking out at the viewer. She stands in front of an open drape, which reveals Holofernes' decapitated body (he appears to be looking at the viewer). The painting also includes two other women to the left of Judith, which can be seen through the drape. The painting has been interpreted as a symbol for independence and emancipation, with Judith stating that women do not need men to fulfill their lives.
The Beethoven Frieze is a painting produced by Gustav Klimt in 1901. This painting was directly painted on the walls and first exhibited at the 14th Vienna Secessionist. This painting can be viewed at Secession Building, Vienna, Austria. This painting represents the composer Ludwig van Beethoven. This has been created in three panels of different sizes in 1901. The painting has a very different color tone which makes it look attractive and lively. It is a patterned painting with many colors being used in it. It's a huge mural patterned painting that can be seen from anywhere in the room.
The colors used in this painting are silver, brown, gold and white. These colors make the pattern more eye catchy and make it look more elegant and shiny. Many people have been attracted to this painting because of its color shades used in it. This painting actually depicts that music is something which makes one feeling good.
4. The Tree of Life, Stoclet Frieze, 1909
The Tree of Life, Stoclet Frieze is a painting by Gustav Klimt which was created in 1909. The painting's is oil on canvas. This painting is one of the most important and progressive works of the artist.
It reflects the symbolist interest in exoticism, while showing Klimt's characteristic use of sinuous lines. The painting was created at the request of Fritz Wärndorfer, who was planning on building a new house in Vienna. It is currently located in the Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna, Austria.
5. The Three Ages of Woman, 1905
The Three Ages of Woman is a painting produced by Gustav Klimt in 1905. This painting depicts three women depicted in this painting are: "The virgin", "The mother", and "The crone." The virgin is depicted as a young woman who is very pale and bare. She holds a bouquet of white roses, which symbolize innocence and purity through her skin tone. Her face is hidden from the viewer because she is shy and hasn't yet reached maturity. Klimt masterfully uses light and shadow to show her body shape.
In this painting, Gustav Klimt uses the golden ratio to create a balance within each section of the painting and used gold leaf to paint the gold accents that decorate the clothing of each woman. The color scheme used throughout the painting is very vibrant and rich, using bright reds and yellows, along with blues and greens. This painting can be viewed at Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna.
6. Danaë, 1907
Gustav Klimt's Danaë was painted in 1907 and is considered one of the most important pieces of art from his final period. The painting depicts the mythological Greek queen Danae, who is show being seduced by Zeus in the form of a shower of gold coins.
Klimt painted Danaë on a gold background; this color choice was purposeful and symbolic of the divine love that he wished to portray in the piece. Gold is often used in art to evoke the presence of divinity and this painting is no exception; Klimt wanted to express the notion that Danaë represented a state of transcendence and love that was beyond human comprehension. He also used various shades of gold for different parts of her body; gold is typically associated with wealth and royalty.
7. Death and Life, 1910s
Death and Life is a painting produced by Gustav Klimt complete in 1915. In painting show woman is embracing a man and they are kissing each other. The background is dark and the floor is made up of various shades of green and yellow. The painting gives an overall effect of green and yellow with white, red and black to create the feeling of lust.
The butterflies give an impression that love is beautiful but it can be dangerous as well. This painting was created almost a hundred years ago but it still has a great impact on people as it does not lose its value over the time. This painting can be viewed at Leopold Museum in Vienna.
Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II is a painting produced by Gustav Klimt in 1912. art-loving Viennese salon lady who was also a good friend of Klimt. It is one of the best examples of his golden phase.
The unfinished portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I, from 1907, was the reason for the commission from Ferdinand Bloch. Gustav Klimt was asked to paint a portrait of Adele as a birthday present to Ferdinand on his 60th birthday in 1912. In anticipation of this, Klimt painted two portraits of Adele: The first version of Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer II and a second version of Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer III.
9. Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I 1907
The portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I by Gustav Klimt in 1907. The Woman in Gold is one of the best-known paintings by Gustav Klimt. The painting was commissioned by Adele's husband Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer.The portrait is the final and most fully representative work of Klimt's golden phase, which occurred around 1903–1907, when Klimt painted several murals as well as his most famous paintings, including The Kiss (1907), Philosophy (1907), Reclining Nude with Blue Cushion (1906) and etc.
The painting was originally titled Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I but is now known as The Lady in Gold or simply Woman in Gold. The painting was first exhibited at the Künstlerhaus in Vienna in 1908 under the title Portrait of Frau F.L. Bloch-Bauer I.
10. The Virgin, 1913
The Virgin is a painting by the Austrian painter Gustav Klimt painted in year 1913. This painting is a part of a series of paintings that dealt with the female life cycle. It's a very deep and complex painting, which is one of the reasons it remained in Klimt's studio until he died.
The style of the painting can be described as symbolist and abstract expressionist. The colors used in the painting are very bright and vivid; they're symbolic as well, as each color has its own meaning and interpretation. For example, the pink and red colors symbolize love and passion, while yellow represents jealousy and envy, and blue is associated with hope and consolation. Currently it's stored in the National Gallery in Prague, Czech Republic.